The Statistics Seminar speaker for Jan. 12, 2015 will be Luo Xiao, from Johns Hopkins University.
Title: Quantifying the Lifetime Circadian Rhythm of Physical Activity: A Covariate-Dependent Functional Data Approach
Abstract: Objective measurement of physical activity using wearable devices such as accelerometers may provide tantalizing new insights into the association between activity and health outcomes. Accelerometers can record quasi-continuous activity information for many days and for hundreds of individuals. For example, in the Baltimore Longitudinal Study on Aging (BLSA) physical activity was recorded every minute for 773 adults for an average of 4.5 days per adult. An important scientific problem is to separate and quantify the systematic and random circadian patterns of physical activity as functions of time of day, age, and gender. To capture the systematic circadian pattern we introduce a practical bivariate smoother and two crucial innovations: 1) estimating the smoothing parameter using leave-one-subject-out cross validation to account for within-subject correlation; and 2) introducing fast computational techniques that overcome problems both with the size of the data and with the cross-validation approach to smoothing. The age-dependent random patterns are analyzed by a new functional principal component analysis that incorporates both covariate dependence and multilevel structure. Results reveal several interesting, previously unknown, circadian patterns associated with human aging and gender.